Something unexpected happened to these macho men when a group of women suddenly joined their team

What happens when a profession or team traditionally dominated by men suddenly sees more female colleagues?

Men change their attitudes about mixed-gender productivity, gender roles and identity, according to a new study by economists at University of California, San Diego, Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research in Oslo and the Swedish Institute for Social Research at Stockholm University. The researchers randomly assigned female recruits to some squads in the Norwegian military, but not others, during boot camp.

They found a 14 percentage-point increase in the fraction of men who think mixed-gender teams perform as well or better than same-gender teams, an 8 percentage-point increase in men who think household work should be shared equally and a 14 percentage-point increase in men who do not completely disavow feminine traits, according to the study, which was distributed by the National Bureau of Economic Research.

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